乔布斯(乔布斯)在加州圣巴巴拉分校大学毕业典礼上的演讲,乔布斯(Jobs)在二零零五年9月12日德克萨斯奥斯汀分校大学毕业典礼上的演讲

图片 1

节奏下载:http://www.4english.cn/media/englishstudy/speechess/politics/audio/stevejobscommencement.mp3

前言

可能99%的对象听过Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish这句话,其中90%的人领会乔布斯(Jobs)说过这句话,但很可能仅有10%的人完全看过乔布斯(乔布斯(Jobs))在二〇〇五年巴黎综合理工高校毕业典礼上的演讲录像。尽管视频唯有15分钟时长,但中间3个小故事放在明日仍旧值得深思。感谢@阮一峰不断更新译文,同时也可望擅长字幕的同桌在百忙之中重新制作一份高清双字幕视频,让更多的恋人理解完整的内容,重拾经典。

Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish


“Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.”求知若饥,虚心若愚 

更新记录

2015年0十二月26日 – 转载初稿,感谢@阮一峰,整合Youtube
Stanford官方原版超清视频

阅读原文 –
http://wsgzao.github.io/post/stay-hungry-stay-foolish/

壮大阅读


2 June 2005, Palo Alto, CA

原版摄像

希望字幕组的仇人帮协理,需要重新剪辑和中英字幕校对,我会提供超清视频原始素材,先在此谢过啊。

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Thank you. 
I’m honored to be with you today for your commencement from one of the
finest universities in the world. Truth be told, I never graduated from
college, and this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college
graduation. Today, I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s
it. No big deal. Just three stories.

中英译文

译者:阮一峰
(时间:2005年6月12日)

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the
finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth
be told, this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation.
Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big
deal. Just three stories.
前些天,我很美观和豪门在共同,参预这些世界上最好的大学之一的毕业典礼。我从不曾高校毕业。说实话,这是时至后天我最相仿大学毕业的一天。明日自我要向你们讲自己人生中的四个故事。不是什么样大事,只是多少个小故事而已。

The first story is about connecting the dots.
第一个故事讲的是,把生命中的点连接起来。.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed
around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So
why did I drop out?
自我在Reed高校读了三个月将来就退学了,不过又在高校里旁听了十六个月左右,然后才真正离开。我怎么要退学呢?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed
college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She
felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so
everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his
wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that
they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list,
got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected
baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother
later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that
my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the
final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my
parents promised that I would someday go to college.
这要从自己出生前讲起,我的二姨是一个未婚怀孕的年轻硕士,她决定把肚子里的本人送给外人抚养。她明确希望收养我的家园富有大学学历,所以在我还没出生的时候,一切都已经部署好了,一个律师和他的爱人收养我。不过殊不知的是,在自身赶到人间的那一刻,他们突然反悔了,决定只收养女孩。由此,在认领名单上排在前边的自己的养爹娘,半夜收受电话:”我们有一个不在计划其中的男孩,你们想要他啊?”他们应对:”当然。”我的姑姑后来发觉,我的干妈没有高校毕业,我的养父并未高中毕业。她不肯签署最终的收养协议。多少个月后,我的养爹娘承诺送我上大学,她才允许签字协议。

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college
that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class
parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six
months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to
do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it
out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their
entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work
out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of
the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop
taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping
in on the ones that looked interesting.
十七年后,我真的上大学了。不过,我很幼稚地采纳了一所几乎与瑞典皇家理工大学如出一辙贵的高校。我的养爹娘都是蓝领阶层,他们的享有积蓄都用来付我的学费。读了两个月之后,我看不到这样做的价值。我不晓得自己的人生应该怎么,也不领悟大学怎么帮自己找到答案。而且,假如自身在高等学校里待下去,就会花光我的大人所有一生的积蓄。所以,我就控制退学了,相信这样行得通。这些时候,我的确担心害怕,不过回过头来看,这是自个儿的特级决定之一。一旦自己退学了,就能不上这么些自己不用兴趣的必修课,可以起来旁听这么些自己有趣味的课了。

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the
floor in friends’ rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to
buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday
night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved
it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and
intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one
example:
这件事也有困难的一边。我并未宿舍了,就睡在朋友家的地板上。退回可乐瓶可以得到5美分,我把它们积累起来换东西吃。每个星期二早上,我步行7英里穿过城市,到教会吃一顿免费的从容晚餐。不过,我或者乐意。跟着自己的好奇心和直觉走,我误打误撞碰到的不在少数事物,日后都被证实是价值连城之宝。我给你们举一个例子。

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy
instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every
label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had
dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to
take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif
and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between
different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great.
It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science
can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.
当初,Reed大学设立可能是全国最好的书法课。高校里的每一张海报、每个抽屉上的每张标签,都是美观的手写体。因为退学后不用上这一个健康课程,我主宰去上书法课,学习咋样写出漂亮的字。在这边,我学到了衬线字体和无衬线字体,学到了改变不同字母组合之间的间隔,学到了版面设计如何才能雅观。它是这样的美、富有历史感、艺术的精美,科学不可能捕捉到这多少个,我发现它太可爱了。

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life.
But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh
computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac.
It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never
dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never
had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows
just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have
them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this
calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful
typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots
looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear
looking backwards ten years later.
这一个事物,没有一件看上去对自我的人生有实际的市值。不过十年后,当大家计划首先台Macintosh电脑的时候,它们都帮到我了。我们把它们都统筹进了产品。这是首先台有着漂亮操作界面的电脑。如若我没有在大学里旁听这门课,Mac电脑就不会有多种字形,或者按百分比间隔的书体。因为后来Windows操作系统抄袭了Mac,那么很可能装有民用电脑都未曾它们。假使自己尚未退学,我就不会旁听书法课,那么个人电脑可能就不会有它们现在的那样完美的界面了。当然,我还在高等高校里展望人生的时候,不容许把这一个点都关系起来。不过十年后回头看,它们中间的联络真的是特别充显通晓。

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect
them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow
connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut,
destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and
it has made all the difference in my life.
再说三回,你展望人生的时候,不容许把那些点连起来;只有当您想起人生的时候,才能发现它们中间的牵连。所以您不可能不有信念,相信这一个点总会以某种模式,对你的前程发出潜移默化。你不可能不相信一些作业—-你的胆子、命局、人生、缘分等等。这样做没有令我失望,反而决定了本人人生中有所特别之处。

My second story is about love and loss.
自我的第二个故事,是关于爱和损失的。

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I
started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in
10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2
billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our
finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just
turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company
you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very
talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things
went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and
eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors
sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been
the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.
自家很幸运,在人生很早的时候,就找到了喜爱的事务。我和沃兹尼亚克在自身父母的车库里创造苹果公司的时候,我只有20岁。大家劳碌工作,十年后苹果公司从一个车库里的几人小公司,成长为超过4000个雇员的20亿日币大商家。在这之二零一八年,咱们正好宣布了最完美的产品—-Macintosh电脑,我也才刚过30岁。可是接下去,我就被解聘了。你怎么可能被一家自己创制的商店辞退呢?事情是这样的,随着公司的上进,我们雇来了一位我眼中的天分,与自身一块儿管制公司。第一年,一切还算顺利。可是这未来,我们对商厦进步的见识现身了争持,末了致使了崩溃。最后,董事会站在了她的一面。所以,30岁的那一年,我被解聘了,而且是在明明之下。我所有成年人生的生活重点,离自己远去,真是毁灭性的打击。

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let
the previous generation of entrepreneurs down – that I had dropped the
baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob
Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very
public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley.
But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did.
The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been
rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over
早期多少个月,我真正不明了怎么。我认为自己太令人失望,上一时公司家交给我的接力棒,已经被自己掉了。我与
戴维 Packard和BobNoyce相会,试着道歉我把事情搞得这样糟。我的挫折被来势汹汹曝光,我居然想交往硅谷逃走。不过,逐步地,有一件事物让自身看看了曙光—-我如故热衷自己做的政工。苹果公司暴发的题目,丝毫从来不改观这或多或少。我真正被否定了,然而自己如故热爱这多少个事业。所以,我说了算从头先导。

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple
was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of
being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner
again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most
creative periods of my life.
自己立时没有发觉到,不过随后证实,被苹果解雇是自个儿终身中经历的最好的业务。成功者的负担,重新被初学者的轻盈取代,对任何业务都不是很有把握。它解放了我,让自身再度进入又一个人生最具有成立力的时代。

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another
company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would
become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer
animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful
animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple
bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT
is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a
wonderful family together.
接下去的五年,我创设了一家名叫NeXT的公司,以及一家名为Pixar的商店,与一个脍炙人口的妇女坠入爱河,然后结为夫妇。Pixar生产出世界上率先部统计机动画电影《玩具故事》,如今是中外最成功的动画电影工作室。通过一多元事件的奇异转变,苹果集团收购了NeXT,我又回来了苹果公司。我们在NeXT开发的技巧,现在是苹果集团复业的最紧要。我还和劳伦妮组建了一个美好的家中。

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired
from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient
needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose
faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I
loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true
for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a
large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do
what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to
love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t
settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it.
And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the
years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.
自己很肯定,倘诺我不被苹果集团解雇,这所有都不会爆发。即便这些事件的滋味像药物一样苦不堪言,不过我想病人需要服用它。有时,生活会对您一头一击,这时不要丧失信心。我确信,唯一让自家保持前进的重力,就是自个儿热爱和谐做的作业。你不可能不找到您热爱的事物。无论对于民众,如故对于情侣,都是这么。你的办事是你人生的很大一部分,真正令你觉得满意的绝无仅有情势,就是去做你内心中的伟大工作。做成伟大工作的绝无仅有办法,就是疼爱你协调做的作业。倘若你还从未找到这么的业务,这就无冕搜寻,不要妥协。就像与内心有关的任何作业一样,当您找到的时候,你协调会分晓的。并且与所有伟大的情愫一样,时间越久,它的情形会变得更加好。所以,不停地找,直到找到结束,不要妥协。

My third story is about death.
本人的第多少个故事是有关死亡的。

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live
each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be
right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33
years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If
today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about
to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in
a row, I know I need to change something.
十七岁的时候,我读到一句话,大意是这样的:”假设您把每天都视作生命的终极一天,那么未来你最可能过上科学的活着。”它给自身留给了很深的印象,过去33年来,我每天下午看着镜子问自己:”假诺昨天是人生的尾声一天,我会不会甘愿去做前天将要做的政工?”无论几时,假使连续众多天,答案都是NO,我就了然需要作出改变了。

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever
encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost
everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of
embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of
death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are
going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you
have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to
follow your heart.
切记自己不久就将死去,这是本人意识的最着重的工具,帮助我做出人生中的重大决定。因为几乎拥有业务—-别人的冀望,内心的傲慢,对于破产或出丑的害怕—-所有这么些业务在去世面前,都会收敛,只留下这一个真正首要的作业。记住您将要死,这是自我所知晓最好措施,免于历历在目您恐怕会错过某件东西。你早就赤身裸体了,没有理由不跟随你的心里。

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in
the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even
know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly
a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no
longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get
my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means
to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10
years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure
everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for
your family. It means to say your goodbyes.
大致一年前,我被诊断得了癌症。早晨7点半,我做了五次全身扫描,它领会地呈现自己的胰脏上有一个肉瘤。我这会儿依然都不晓得胰脏是什么样。医务人员告诉自己,已经可以肯定,这是一种不可能治疗的癌症,我的性命臆度不超越3到6个月。医务卫生人员提议我回家把业务安排好,这是先生对于”将要死亡”的表明情势。它表示,你要试着把您原以为将来10年才对子女们说的政工,放着多少个月里告知她们。它意味着,你要规定把原件工作都布置好,使得对于你的亲属来说,一切变得硬着头皮的简短。它代表,你要和全路告别。

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy,
where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and
into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells
from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that
when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying
because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that
is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.
一整天,我无时无刻不想着这个诊断。当天夜间,我做了一个活检,医务卫生人员将内窥镜塞进自己的嗓子,穿过胃,进入肠子,又用一根针刺进胰脏,从肿瘤上拿到部分细胞。我很镇静,不过自己的婆姨(她也到庭)告诉自己,当医生从显微镜观望这多少个细胞时,他们开首发出奇怪,因为他俩发觉那是一种特别罕见的胆汁返流性胃炎,可以由此手术康复。我做了手术,现在感到很好。

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope its the
closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now
say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful
but purely intellectual concept:
这是自己最接近死亡的随时,我盼望未来几十年都是如此。有了如此的经历,对自己来说,死亡就不可是一种纯粹智力上的实用概念,我得以更确定地报告你们:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to
die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one
has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very
likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It
clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you,
but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and
be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.
从没人想死,甚至这么些渴望升入天堂的人也不想死。不过,死亡是我们所有人都不可制止的人生巅峰。没有人可以避开。事情也许理所当然就应该这么,因为死亡很可能是生存中最好的单项发明。它是让生活改变的一种手段。它清理旧的一代,为新的时日创设空间。现在你们是新人,不过在并不太遥远的某一天,你们将逐年成为旧的一代,被清理出去。很对不起,我不想说得这样戏剧化,不过实际就是这么。

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.
Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other
people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out
your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow
your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want
to become. Everything else is secondary.
你们的年华少于,所以并非把它浪费在过其他人的活着。不要被教条束缚,这是其外人思考的结果。不要让其别人的意见淹没你协调心中的音响。最重大的是,你要有胆略跟随你的内心和直觉。某种程度上,它们曾经知道您确实想要成为啥样样子。其他具备事务都是襄助的。

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole
Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was
created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park,
and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late
1960’s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all
made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of
like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was
idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.
自家年轻的时候,有一本奇妙的出版物,叫做《地球商品目录》(The Whole Earth
Catalog),这是大家那一代人的佛经之一。它是由一个叫作Stewart
Brand的人,在离开这里不远的Menlo公园创设的。他诗一般地将它带到了红尘。这是六十年代末期,个人电脑和桌面出版还并未出版,它是由打字机、剪刀和四次成像照相机做成的。它有点像纸质的Google,不过是在Google诞生35年在此以前。它满载了理想主义,包含了无数灵活的工具和伟大的想法。

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog,
and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was
the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final
issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you
might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath
it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell
message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always
wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish
that for you.
Stewart
和她的团社团发行了几期《地球商品目录》,然后他们顺其自然地生产了最终一期。这是70年间中叶,我跟你们现在一律大。最后一期的封底,有一幅深夜农村公路的照片,要是你欢喜冒险,这就是你恐怕会搭便车旅行的这种道路。在它下边有一行字:”保持饥饿,保持愚蠢”。我接连期望团结可以形成这点。现在,你们将要毕业,开头新的旅程,我也这么地祝愿你们。

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
维持饥饿,保持愚蠢。

Thank you all very much.
卓殊感谢各位。
(完)

最后修改时间: 2015-07-13 18:42:55

The first story is about connecting the dots. I dropped out of Reed
College after the first six months, but then stayed around as a drop-in
for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop
out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed
graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt
very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so
everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his
wife — except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute
that they really wanted a girl.

So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of
the night asking, “We’ve got an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?”
They said, “Of course.” My biological mother found out later that my
mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never
graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption
papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised
that I would go to college. This was the start in my life.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college
that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class
parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six
months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to
do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it
out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their
entire life.

So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out okay. It
was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best
decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the
required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the
ones that looked far more interesting.

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the
floor in friends’ rooms. I returned coke bottles for the five cent
deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the seven miles across town
every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna
temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my
curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give
you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy
instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every
label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had
dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to
take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif
and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between
different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great.
It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science
can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life.
But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh
computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac.
It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never
dropped in on that single course in college, the “Mac” would have never
had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows
just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have
them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on that
calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful
typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots
looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear
looking backwards 10 years later.

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect
them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow
connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut,
destiny, life, karma, whatever — because believing that the dots will
connect down the road will give you the confidence to follow your heart,
even when it leads you off the well-worn path, and that will make all
the difference.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz1 and I
started Apple in my parents’ garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and
in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a
two billion dollar company with over 4000 employees. We’d just released
our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just
turned 30.

And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started?
Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to
run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well.
But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we
had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him.
And so at 30, I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus
of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let
the previous generation of entrepreneurs down — that I had dropped the
baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob
Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very
public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley.
But something slowly began to dawn on me: I still loved what I did. The
turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been
rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple
was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of
being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner
again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most
creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another
company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would
become my wife. Pixar went on to create the world’s first
computer-animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most
successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of
events, Apple bought NeXT, and I retuned to Apple, and the technology we
developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And
Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired
from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient
needed it. Sometime life — Sometimes life going to hit you in the head
with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that
kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you
love.

And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is
going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly
satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to
do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep
looking — and don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll
know when you find it. And like any great relationship, it just gets
better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking — don’t
settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live
each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be
right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33
years, I’ve looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If
today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about
to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in
a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever
encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost
everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of
embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of
death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are
going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you
have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to
follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in
the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even
know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly
a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no
longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get
my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for “prepare to die.” It
means to try and tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the
next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure
everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for
your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy,
where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach into my
intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the
tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they
viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because
it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is
curable with surgery. I had the surgery and, thankfully, I’m fine now.

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the
closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now
say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful
but purely intellectual concept: No one wants to die.

Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And
yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it.
And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single
best invention of Life. It’s Life’s change agent. It clears out the old
to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too
long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away.
Sorry to be so dramatic, but it’s quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.
Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other
people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out
your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow
your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want
to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole
Earth Catalog, which was one of the “bibles” of my generation. It was
created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park,
and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late
60s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all
made with typewriters, scissors, and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of
like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along. It was
idealistic, overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog,
and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was
the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final
issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you
might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath
it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell
message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I’ve always
wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish
that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all
very much. 

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